Whitethorn acacia

Acacia constricta

plant type:
tree
lifecycle:
perennial
growing season:
warm
cover:
Moderate

Soil

Acceptable Soil Types:
Loam
Silt
Sand
Acceptable Soil conditions:
SaltCaliche

Location

Min elevation:
2000
Max elevation:
6000
Counties: 
Coconino
Gila
Graham
Greenlee
La Paz
Maricopa
Pima
Pinal
Santa Cruz
Yavapai
Yuma

Reproduction & Growth

Germination Overall: 
Low
Germination Requirements: 
Germination improved with increased seed coat removal; germinate during warm temperatures with some moisture
Reproduction: 
Low
Establishment: 
Low

Ecological

Best Suited for these Site conditions:
DisturbanceFireFloodingLow lightRiparian
Best Suited for these Management goals:
Drought resilienceErosion controlForage productionPollinator habitatIncreased soil healthWeed managementWildlife habitat

Additional Information

Commercial availability:
Commonly available
NOTES:
Bury seeds 1/2 inch to an inch deep
Citations:

James 1998; Ishaque et al. 2002; Gucker 2004