Hookedspur violet

Viola adunca

plant type:
forb
lifecycle:
perennial
growing season:
NA
cover:
NA

Soil

Acceptable Soil Types:
Loam
Silt
Sand
Acceptable Soil conditions:
AcidicAlkalineMetalSaltCaliche

Location

Min elevation:
6500
Max elevation:
9800
Counties: 
Apache
Coconino
Greenlee
Mohave

Reproduction & Growth

Growth rate: 
NA
Germination Overall: 
NA
Germination rate: 
NA
Germination Requirements: 
cold stratification
Reproduction: 
NA
Establishment: 
NA

Ecological

Best Suited for these Site conditions:
ColdDisturbanceFireFloodingLow lightRiparian
Best Suited for these Management goals:
Tortoise habitatDrought resilienceErosion controlForage productionPollinator habitatIncreased soil healthWeed managementWildlife habitat

Additional Information

Commercial availability:
NA
Citations:
Stanley 2011